Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) Laws by State
In these pages, we attempted to locate as many of the state laws that have been enacted which provide consumers’ rights as it pertains to information contained in their credit and background reports. Select a state from the drop-down menu below:
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The federal Fair Credit Reporting Act is a law that pre-empts state laws. This means that if a state law seems to conflict with the FCRA, that state law is a nullity and cannot be asserted. States can create laws that protect its citizens and the use of their credit information. As long as the state law is not inconsistent with the FCRA, that law will stand.
First, the portion of the FCRA that deals with how long information can appear on a consumer report can be found at 15 U.S.C. §1681c. This section tells us how long certain items can be on our reports. However, the FCRA 15 USC 1681t(b)(1)(E) provides that no requirement or prohibition may be imposed by the laws of any State with respect to this subject matter (how long an item of information can appear on a credit report) except for any State law in effect on September 30, 1996. That means that if the law in your state was already in effect by September 30, 1996, then the law protects the consumer. If your state’s law was created after that date, that law is a nullity and cannot be enforced.
The portion of the FCRA that deals with how consumer’s disputes into the inaccuracies on reports are handled can be found at 15 U.S.C. §1681i and 1681s-2. However, again §1681t(b)(1)(A) & (F) states that no state may impose requirements that deal with this aspect of the law except any law created before September 30, 1996. Thus, many laws that have been created since September of 1996 in various states are actually not valid.
Contact SmithMarco, P.C., Today
If you have an error or inaccurate information on your credit report, there are actions that you can take. Contact SmithMarco, P.C., today for a completely free case review.